What are Advantages and Disadvantages of Microservices Architecture?

What are Advantages and Disadvantages of Microservices Architecture

In recent years, enterprises aspire to become more agile and incline towards DevOps as well as continuous testing. Considering this trend, microservices training has become more prevalent. The idea behind the concept is that different modules or functionalities of the application must be detached into smaller services that are independent of one another and can establish communication. Let’s get into detail on what Microservice is, its architecture, and advantages and disadvantages of the Microservices architecture:

What are microservices?

Microservices is an architectural solution used for designing complex web-based applications. In simple terms, microservices are intended to break huge software projects into loosely combined modules.

  • These modules communicate with one another via Application Programming Interfaces (APIs).
  • The scalability in the API management and execution of discrete tasks make it so much popular among the developers.
  • Through microservices, software teams can successfully implement iterative development procedures. Moreover, they can benefit from upgrade features.
  • Another reason behind the prominence of Microservices is it offers a unique type of modularization. Since the huge solutions are made simpler, there will be a boost in productivity.
  • The user benefits from flexibility in selecting the technologies and they are also beneficial for distributed teams.
  • The corresponding architectural style organizes an application in form of a collection of services. These services are extremely sustainable and testable, separately deployable, and organized with business abilities.

Why use Microservices?

The architecture enables developers to make distinct components by building an application from a blend of tiny services. Each of the services is individually built and separately deployed. Hence, they effectively execute their own processes and also establish communication through lightweight APIs.

Microservices simplify the testing process and maintain the applications with a series of independent components.  When it comes to creating large-scale products, and enhancement of productivity, microservices are the preferred choices. Generally, distributed teams benefit from the simplicity of creating applications through MA.

What is Microservices Architecture?

It is nothing but an architectural development style enabling the development of applications in form of an assortment of tiny autonomous services. These services are for a business domain. The key aspect of MA (microservice architecture) is communication. The communication amongst the microservices is a stateless one where every pair of responses and requests is independent. Therefore, all microservices can effortlessly communicate. It is vital to keep in mind that in a MA, the data is merge.

Key Components of Microservices Architecture:

The estandard microservice architecture consists of components like clients, identity providers, messaging formats, API gateway, databases, management, static content, and service discovery.

How is it different from Monolithic Architecture?

The typical question one may come across is the difference between monothilic and microservice architecture.

Both are the prevalent architectural style and hence, it is vital to understand the key differences. In a monolithic architecture, every component combines into a single module. On the other hand, in microservice architecture, they are extended into distinct modules i.e. microservices. These modules seamlessly communicate with one another. This same situation is illustrated in the diagram above. It is clearly inferred from the diagram that each microservices are distinct. However, they are linked with corresponding databases and the user interface.

The microservice architecture comes with a relatively quick service startup. Microservices function on the principle that emphasizes products whereas the monolithic architecture focuses on projects. Compared to monolithic architecture, the microservice architecture allows businesses to set up more resources for services that are producing higher ROI.

Now let’s look at the pros and cons of microservice architecture:

Advantages of Microservices Architecture:

Independent deployment:

One of the key benefits of a microservice architecture is that every service is develop and set up independently from the rest of the services. It implies that an update to any single component does not need that the whole application should come down for deploying that update. Consequently, there will be a boost in uptime and the deployment processes will be safe.

Flexibility:

All communication takes place over the network and not inside the same built-in memory process. So, the flexibility is more when it comes to the way each endpoint is made up of. The flexibility streamlines the operations for developer teams that own varied skill sets. They need not spend much time learning any new language or working on the areas they are not adept at.

Boosts productivity:

Resolves the issue of speed and productivity by disintegrating applications into feasible services. It is quick to work on the development of these feasible services. Varied teams can work on varied components concurrently. No need to wait for any team to accomplish the development tasks. Besides, there is no need to modify the codebase for modifying the features. It is possible to change a test, component, and subsequently deploy it independently. Consecutively, you will accomplish the app development faster.

Reusability of code:

The segregation of software into small, definite modules facilitates teams to utilize functions for manifold purposes. For instance, a service written for a specific function can be utilized as a building block for some other features. As a result, it enables an application to bootstrap off itself. This is since the developers can explore new potentials without writing code from the beginning.

Disadvantages of Microservices Architecture:

Security threats:

Unlike monolithic applications, the microservices present some critical security challenges. This is owing to the steep rise in the quantity of data exchanged amongst the modules. Since you will be working with numerous tiny containers, your system gets exposed to the network. Consequently, it implies that you are rendering a great part of your control in hands of prospective attackers.

Complexity in communication:

The entire operation is based on the independent modules. This is why you need to meticulously manage requests transferring amongst your modules. Certain scenarios depict that developers might be compelled to write extra code to prevent interruption. Eventually, complications would occur when remote calls suffer from latency.

Poor interface control:

Every microservice possesses its own API on which the applications depend on to work consistently. You can effortlessly make modifications to a microservice without influencing the external systems communicating with it. However, when you modify the API, any application utilizing that microservice will be influenced provided the change is not backward compatible.

Limited control on third-party microservices:

In certain, there is the inclusion of services from third-parties. These services are being maintain by teams that don’t provide you access. At any point in time, the third-party services can modify their APIs. Occasionally, the modifications may disrupt your application. When they make changes with their APIs, you must know and respond at the soonest.

Difficult to debug:

For applications based on microservices, every service needs to be individually launch and tested. Subsequently, the entire application needs to be further test once more after all services get launched. Ultimately, this makes the global testing and debugging processes difficult. On the other hand, a monolithic application is easier to debug and launch. All you need to do is launch your app and examine its connectivity with the primary database.

Costly:

The services in microservice architecture need to communicate with one another. Eventually, this leads to a huge quantity of remote calls. So, it can boost network latency and the expenses associated with processing.

Top companies using Microservices Architecture:

The prominence of MA is easy to gauge from the fact that many top-notch companies are already using it. In 2009, Netflix made a shift from a monolithic architecture to a microservices one considering the rising demands for the services.

Initially, Uber started with a monolithic architecture. However, with the gradual growth of the startup, the developers switched to microservices to use various frameworks and languages.

With millions of active user base, the founders of Spotify decided to adopt microservice architecture to simplify synchronization and avoid massive failures.

Apart from these companies, Amazon, eBay, and more too use the microservice architecture. If you  want to get Microservices Interview Questions and answers then you can read this article.

Concluding Note:

The microservices function excellently for organizations that want to pursue quick innovation. It is best for seamless communication between software teams and for organizations that own varied user bases. If its limitations do not much influence your productivity, you can definitely consider the implementation of microservice architecture.

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